- Publicado: 18 Septiembre 2011
- Visto: 594
Islamic cemetery in Tauste
The results of Carbon 14 analysis confirm belong between VIII and XI centuries
The cemetery seems to have a surprisingly large, given the oral information provided by local people who claim to have been aware at some point in the existence of these remains at various points in the area.
The bodies appear shallow, all oriented in the same direction, following the typical type of Islamic burial: deposited in a narrow trench profile placed on the right side and the side facing Mecca.
The characteristics of the necropolis found for the classical Muslim cemetery or al-maqbara: stood at one side of the main road coming into town, out of it, but stuck to the wall. It was common for people to grow invading the immediate cemetery of the town, moving ever outward, reaching in some cases exceed it. In Tauste, it is clear that the main road that reached Tauste would be to Zaragoza, which could have approximately the same path that currently mark the Avda. Independencia, Alfonso the Battler to Plaza Felipe V, C / Santa Ana, C / Fray Angel Martinez and C / Zaragoza. The location of the cemetery at the site indicates the likelihood appears that there was a wall of mud in this area that separated the village, which surround the entire town, including all suburbs, as a method of control and defense. Thus the visitor who came to Tauste at that time, once left the cemetery on your right and franked the wall of mud in this area, adentraría in the suburb (present district of Santa Ana) to reach the medina (current Barrio Nuevo), who was the founding center of the town, enclosed by stone wall. The main entrance to the medina must be in the current corner Berroy (confluence of C / Zaragoza C / German). It is adentraría in the suburb (present district of Santa Ana) to reach the medina (current New Town), which was the founding center of the town, enclosed by stone wall. The main entrance to the medina must be in the current corner Berroy (confluence of C / Zaragoza C / German). It is adentraría in the suburb (present district of Santa Ana) to reach the medina (current New Town), which was the founding center of the town, enclosed by stone wall. The main entrance to the medina must be in the current corner Berroy (confluence of C / Zaragoza C / German).
Within the range of likely dates ahead for this cemetery (between the eighth and twelfth centuries), it was always thought to belong to the eleventh century. It was much achievement for Tauste and for the Patiaz Association have discovered an Islamic cemetery where it was thought that it was simply a burial of the late nineteenth century, a result of a cholera epidemic, as to suppose things as fantastic as they were later the Christian conquest (as historiography, was not Muslim population), much less earlier.
According to anthropologist Miriam Pina:
- No. 1 tomb belonged to a man aged between 20 and 35 years.
- The tomb No. 2 to a man 30 to 45 years, from a height of 1.75 m (very high for its time), with symptoms of osteoporosis and arthritic lesions in the vertebral bodies.
- grave No. 3 was a woman and had degeneration in one of the lower extremities; He appeared without one foot, but showed no signs of injury to the tibia to indicate amputation.
- In tomb No. 4 had a 3 to 5 years and was very run down (it was only the skull and little else).
Samples of graves 1, 2 and 3 were collected and sent to the Geochronology Laboratory of the Higher Council for Scientific Research in Madrid, to put them to date by the method of carbon-14.
After analyzing the results of CSID, ordered from most recent to oldest, are:
- Tomb 1: between 890 and 1020. We can center it in the tenth century, the report said the archaeologist.
- Tumba 3: 860 to 990, that is, between the ninth and tenth centuries
- Tomb 2: between 650 and 780. Naturally, the machine (or whatever) performing these tests does not know that the population of this part Ebro Valley was Islamized from the year 714, so we can strengthen the fork to the period between 714 and 780.
According to data kindly provided by archaeologist Government of Aragon D. José Ignacio Royo, these datings gives us the absolute earliest date for an individual buried by Islamic rite in Aragon.